Greece

GREECE-CRECIA Greece is one of the most visit European ountries .The modern Greek state dates only  from 1830 and bears little relation to the popular image of ancient Greece. At a geographical rossroads, Greece combines elements of the Balkans, Middle East and Mediterranean. During the centuries of domination by Venetian and Ottomans the Greek Orthodox Church preserved the Greek language, and with it Greek identity, through its liturgy and schools. Byzantine Architecture. Medieval churches are virtually all that have survived from a millennium of Byzantine civilization in Greece. Byzantine church architecture was concerned almost exclusively with a decorated interior. The intention was to sculpt out a holy space where the congregation would be confronted with the true nature of the cosmos, cleared of all worldy distractions. The mosais and frescoes portaying the whole body of the Church, from Crist downwards, have a dual purpose: they give ispiration to the worshipper and are windows to  the spiritual world. From a mountain chapel to an urban church there is great conformiy of design, with structure and decoration united to a single purpose. Typical Byzantine Church. Rach hurch has a overed porch (narthex) to the west and an altar behind the iconostasis in the eastern apse. The nave typically has three aisles with the dome above the central quare space. In a monastery the main church is kwown as the katholikòn.